China's higher education system: current situation and development trends

Gao Yingshuang

Abstract


This article presents an overview of the reforms that led to the creation and establishment of a comprehensive higher education system in China, which reversed the elitist character of university access in China since the late 1990s and into the present century. Reforms allowed university students to enjoy growing freedom of serching for knowledge, education and employment. Higher education becomes a platform from which the various talents of graduates are distributed, and the status of these latter is determined by their demonstrated capabilities in both society and the labor market. However, the large number of university graduates following the massification of higher education brought about a pressure on the labor market, creating a certain discrepancy between the structure of education and that of the production sectors.


Keywords


China. Market reforms. Higher education system. Higher education massification

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.20336/sid.v3i1.74

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